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What is Journalism?
Journalism is the area of study and employment that deals with the capture and reporting of news through a variety of means for the purposes of dissemination and education. Individuals in this field will have a variety of options open to them, particularly in the type of journalism one will engage in as a career. Individuals may choose print, internet, video, television or other mediums in order to identify newsworthy stories and to present them to the masses.
Individuals may begin their education at the associate degree level through private or community colleges, though typically a bachelor's degree is required at minimum to be considered for employment. Individuals will study a variety of topics, including the ethics of journalism and how it may affect a given story. Individuals with English or communication degrees may also be able to seek employment in the field. Higher levels of the degree often explore research methodology and provide individuals with the opportunity to teach journalism in schools or higher education institutions.
A curriculum in journalism may include:
- Journalism in the Field
- Mass Communication and Media
- Research Methodology
Employment Opportunities and Job Growth
Journalism in its various forms will allow individuals to seek employment through multiple avenues, including newspapers, television station, online magazines and more. Individuals in this field will tend to have many skills associated with content and media creation, which is quickly becoming required of the field, particularly constructing online components for articles or reports that are interactive. The field of journalism is expected to both expand and contract based on the type of employment being pursued, with more traditional news outlets such as newspapers and broadcasts seeing a decline due to viewership and readership moving to online venues for faster access to news. As a result online sources, such as blogs, magazines, news hubs and podcasts are seeing increases in opportunity though they are not yet as lucrative as their traditional counterparts.
Salary and Related Fields
Salary for journalists is based on the specialization chosen, with the highest average pay being given to broadcast journalists at around $54,000 annually. The overall average for all journalists is approximately $34,000 annually, with experience and education paying a large part in initial salary. Larger markets also tend to have higher pay rates than smaller ones.