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What is Electromechanical Technology?
Electromechanical Technology and Instrumentation is a field of study focused on fusing engineering and technical knowledge. In electromagnetics, professionals meld mechanical engineering processes and electrical engineering processes.
At its core, electromagnetics is defined as an electric signal or device that creates a mechanical movement or a mechanical movement used to carry an electrical operation. Instrumentation Technology is a field of study that uses measuring instruments to analyze, measure, and record physical quantities.
An Instrumentation Technician is a professional that monitors environmental and atmospheric changes inside or outside a manufacturing facility or industrial plant. Through the use of finely tuned instruments and recording devices, an Instrumentation Technician will leverage scientific and analytic software to diagnose, maintain, calibrate, design, test, schedule, and report basic engineering principles to stakeholders.
Degrees in Electromechanics
With a variety of programs to choose from in EI, students will need to start here to understand the basics. Programs in EI range from certificates to undergraduate with a pathway to graduate programs in adjacent engineering disciplines. Below you will find a summary of each program type to help you decipher the best path for you.
Certificate Programs in Electromechanics
A certificate program in EI or EIT is designed to provide students with the essentials. Unlike undergraduate degree programs, certificate programs typically do not include liberal arts classes. As such, the program is shorter in nature when comparing it to a degree program. Certificates can be a segue into a job in the field or used by professionals as an add-on to bolster a resume.
Electromechanical Associate's Degrees
An online associate degree or traditional classroom-based degree is typically a two-year program from start to finish. You will likely find an EIT program listed as an Associate of Science (AS) degree with classes blending liberal arts and core curriculum. General education classes will often include English, math, psychology, sociology, creative writing, and economics. After successfully completing an AS degree in EIT, students can seek employment in the field or continue with their studies.
Electromechanical Bachelor's Degrees
A bachelor’s degree in EIT is designed to be a four-year program that includes core classes and general education courses. Much like an associate’s degree, the bachelor degree program is designed to provide students with holistic thinking skills and critical reasoning skills beyond the major itself. As the most popular college degree program, the bachelor’s degree is often a great stepping stone to a viable career or can provide you with the tools to enroll in an advanced degree program in an adjacent engineering field of study.
Academic requirements for electromechanical students will be highly technical in nature. EIT degrees will combine engineering principles with the technical aspects of math and science. Typical degree requirements in electromechanics will include the following areas of study.
- Database Modeling
- Business Management
- Mechanical Engineering
- Production and Processing
- Systems Engineering
- Computer Modeling
- Electrical Engineering
Employment Information & EIT Specializations
For students with an electromechanical degree, a wide range of jobs are ahead. Traditional jobs in EIT can be obtained through fabrication plants and manufacturing firms of all sizes. Alternatively, there are a number of similar jobs in manufacturing and engineering that may be of interest. Specializations similar to EIT can include a safety engineer, management engineer, machinist, electrical engineer, production engineer, systems engineer, operation design, manufacturing engineer, and management engineer.
Employment growth in electromechanics are on pace to exceed the national average. The national job growth is estimated to be around six percent in the coming ten year reporting period. Jobs in electromechanics is estimated to add over 12,000 jobs to the economy during this timeframe. Similar careers published by the BLS indicate a parallel trend in this sector. Jobs for machinists and industrial mechanics are poised to grow by 6% and 16%, respectively.
Further research in EIT can be garnered by connecting with trade associations like the EASA, NICET, and NATM. Trade groups such as these provide EIT resources and vocational opportunities for its members along with training and professional development. Membership benefits vary by association so make sure to research institutions that are best for you.