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What is Education?
Education is the area of practice, study and employment that deal with process and methods of imparting knowledge and training to other individuals, be they children, teenagers or adults. Education covers a variety of practices, specializations, levels, methods which may be applied to a specific classroom setting, or a school as a whole. Individuals at the highest level of the field utilize theory to try to uncover which methodologies will work best in promoting educational growth, often constructing new theories and experimental theories.
How Do I Become a Teacher?
To become a teacher or professional in the education field, you will need to follow a series of steps to achieve your goal. Akin to other licensed professionals, you will need to invest time and resources into your education before having the opportunity to apply for licensure in your state. The steps to help you become a teacher include the following:
- Your Priority List – A priority list unique to you and your educational goals is infinitely more important than some ranking report published by a media outlet pitching magazine subscriptions or slanted websites hawking timeshares in Bali. A list of questions to kickstart your unique priority list can be found on pages 3-4 of the MatchCollege Complete Guide to College Admissions Process. It is important to understand how to navigate the college admission process to your advantage and reduce the overall cost of attending college, thus take the time to also read our guides that include learning How to Reduce the Cost of College and Crush the Odds by Getting Into Your Top College.
- Get Feedback – Ask family members, teachers, counselors, school alumni, and friends for feedback on your priority list to get quality input prior to making any formal decisions on colleges.
- Self-Assess – Take stock of your strengths and weaknesses, to help you more efficiently narrow down your college options in the education field. The assessment should include grades, personality, passions, lifestyle goals, and career aspirations. winnow down school options leading to a computer programming degree.
- Getting Matched & Apply – Get matched to quality, accredited colleges by requesting information from them via this resource page or our proprietary matching After receiving school information from a handful of top colleges, you can then assess your likelihood of admissions. By taking the time to understand a school’s admissions requirements, policies, education parameters, cost, program length, and curriculum is essential before submitting your application for admissions. On your college application, invest the time to highlight any and all work experience in teaching or leadership positions to help you stand out in a pool of qualified college applicants.
- Financial Aid – As your college application is in queue with the admissions department, take the time to ask specific questions about financial aid options. Collect information on the school’s grants, scholarships, work-study programs, and loans before committing to an education program.
- College Acceptance – By taking the time to align your goals with the school’s offerings and overall costs, you will be more readily able to make a quality decision about college. After deciding on the best college program for you, it will be time to schedule time for orientation and register for classes.
- Earn Your Degree – The next step in the process is to complete the education program and earn your degree from an accredited college or university in education. Pay special attention to skill development and projects in education that transfer to the workplace or classroom. These transferrable skills will be invaluable in your career regardless of the sector you work.
- Examinations and Licensure - Upon graduating from an accredited college or university with a degree in education, you will be required by your state of residence to clear all background checks, tests, fingerprinting, certifications, and licensing requirements. Once all state-based tests and requirements are met, you can apply for jobs in a school district or private school organization that fits your unique pedagogy preference and teaching style.
- Work Experience – After being in the work force for a period of time, you may choose to continue your education and earn additional professional certifications or degrees in the field to continue to grow and upskill. You will be required to maintain your teaching license perpetually as prescribed by your state so make sure to keep that on your radar at all times.
Online Degrees in Education
With a number of college degree programs to choose from, how do you know which online degree is best for you? The answer is a personal choice and not a global choice so you will need to determine what is most important to you and find a program that best fits you and your career aspirations. Once you have a working priority list in place, the path towards earning an education degree from a top college for you will come into focus. Degree options in education include the following programs:
Online Bachelor Degree in Education
Bachelor’s degrees Education are conferred as a Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (BS) depending on the curricular design of the degree program. Bachelor degrees are typically 4-year programs for full-time students that provide an opportunity for students to blend general education classes such as speech communication, English composition, and philosophy with core courses. Core curriculum in education will often include courses such as portfolio management, educational philosophy, childhood psychology, learning theory, principles of education, educational philosophy, classroom management, a capstone course, and student teaching. The student teaching piece of the program provides hands-on learning in a real-world classroom to best prepare teachers for a classroom of their own.
Online Master’s Degree in Education
A master’s degree in education is often a 1-2 year program of full time matriculation after successfully meeting all lower level course requirements. Master’s degree programs in education equip students and working professionals for leadership positions in education and help to enhance career opportunities in the education field. In addition to a capstone course, the master’s degree track offers most students with the ability to select an area of specialty that may include: science education, counseling, early childhood education, literacy and language, educational leadership, teacher leadership, special education, secondary education, reading and language arts, leadership, international education, or digital literacy.
Online Doctorate Degree in Education
Doctorate degree programs in education are conferred as a PhD and last 3-6 years after meeting all lower-level degree requirements and dependent upon the number of classes taken at a given time. The bulk of accredited colleges and universities offering degrees in education allow students to elect an area of specialization in lieu of a general education degree education. Examples of areas of concentration for PhD students in an education program include: organizational design, educational leadership, curriculum & instruction, early childhood education, counseling, special education, public policy, and school administration. The doctorate programs prepare students for advanced teaching opportunities in higher education, administrative positions, or research opportunities in the private or public sector.
Online Certificate in Education
Online certificates in education are tools used by graduate students to upskill and take advantage of learning modalities to continue learning and advancing in their field of study. The online certificate programs provide skills and knowledge to trained, licensed teachers to help them expand career opportunities and grow in a defined area of education. To qualify for a graduate certificate program from an accredited college or university, you will need to meet all lower level prerequisites prior to matriculation.
Benefits of Earning an Education Degree Online
Universities and colleges in all corners of the country are quickly adding online degree programs to keep pace with demand from employers and students. As the single fastest growing segment in higher education degree programs, distance learning programs are projected to continue evolving and being a core learning modality for the foreseeable future. The reasons for students to consider earning a college degree online are multi-varied yet commonalities are grouped together in a few areas: cost, convenience, access, and quality. An overview of the benefits of earning an education degree online include:
- Cost – Direct and indirect costs of an online degree tend to be less than classroom-based degree programs for few primary reasons. The three primary factors for the difference in cost include the following considerations: a) online learning provides students with the flexibility and access to continue working while earning a degree saving significant dollars in lost wages; b) students enrolled in an online degree program are not required to live on-campus saving significant cost in room and board; c) online students enrolled in a regionally or nationally accredited program still can qualify for financial aid. The combination of all these factors make online learning an attractive proposition for teachers of all backgrounds and professional aspirations.
- Curriculum – Online learning programs have rapidly advanced in the last ten years. Online degrees in education will typically have a capstone course, thesis, cumulative exam, dissertation, final project, student teaching, and/or portfolio project at varying levels of degree programs. Having a degree overview, a published syllabus, and quality curricular design, students are provided key milestones and check-points to ensure comprehension and continued engagement.
- Accreditation – Schools offering online learning opportunities that have earned a regional or national accreditation will be essential to your future. It is important to understand that accreditation is only granted to schools by independent, third-party organizations that have extensively vetted a school’s processes, procedures, and curriculum to ensure quality standards are maintained.
- Speed – Online degree programs in education can be self-paced, thereby allowing students to spend time learning when they see fit on their way towards degree completion. With many schools starting online classes every 6-8 weeks, distance learning students are no longer bound by traditional school year schedules and can start throughout the year.
- Flexibility – Students enrolled in an online degree program can join class when convenient and not be constrained by the traditional trappings of the physical requirements of an on-site class. Flexibility is a big win for students and working professional’s intent on growing professionally and upskilling in the field of education.
- Access – Students can log-on and access their education classes at any time without needing to be in a specific location at a set time of day. Fewer restrictions means that students have a broad range of degree options to choose from depending on passion, career trajectory, and intent of the degree.
A degree in education can be earned at a variety of levels, starting from certification all the way to a doctorate. The level of education is dictated by the type of work the student wishes to be qualified for, with high level degrees typically providing access to higher level and more varied forms of teaching jobs. Students of these programs will cover a variety of topics, including methods and techniques to promote interest in typically underwhelming subjects, how to hold a student's attention, what forms of activities best promote memory retention and other such subjects. Students may also work under the supervision of professionals during externships in order to obtain practical experience and familiarize themselves with the application of learned methodologies.
A curriculum in education may include:
- Education Theory
- Art Education and Application
- Student Behavior and Development
Schools Other Students Requested Information From:
Employment Opportunities and Licensure
Education is very large field that offers a variety of employment opportunities and specializations; for instance, an individual having earned a bachelor's degree may seek to specialize in the education of art, and seek certification in that area of study in order to be qualified as an art educator. There is a need for professional educator's throughout the country for all types, including those who have a broader general and comprehensive approach to education. Individuals with higher level degrees may seek employment at colleges and universities, and may be involved in policy development or the construction of theory and methodology through research. Every state will have requirements governing the licensure of educators which must be followed when seeking employment. Individuals seeking a career in a specific state should research the state's licensure procedure and try to fulfill them as quickly as possible. It is important to note that licensure is only required for individuals seeking employment with public institutions.
Top Ranked Education Degree Programs
The National Council on Teacher Quality or NCTQ has ranked the following accredited colleges and universities by quality of programming for elementary education in the United States of over 2,600 programs on 19 different criterion. The list of schools landing in the 96th percentile or higher include:
|Arizona State University||99%|
|University of Utah||99%|
|CUNY - Hunter College||99%|
|Western Governors University||99%|
|Ohio Wesleyan University||99%|
|University of Wisconsin - Platteville||99%|
|University of Iowa||98%|
|St. Olaf College||98%|
|University of Minnesota - Duluth||98%|
|Colorado Christian University||98%|
|University of Southern Mississippi||98%|
|Appalachian State University||97%|
|University of Mississippi||97%|
|Montana State University||97%|
|University of Wisconsin - La Crosse||97%|
|University of Nebraska - Lincoln||96%|
|East Carolina University||96%|
|High Point University||96%|
|College of St Benedict & St John's University||96%|
|University of Alabama in Huntsville||96%|
|Seton Hall University||96%|
Job Growth, Salary and Related Fields
Education is a growing field. As population increases the need for educators increases naturally, particularly in the United States where public education is available and students under the age of 18 in particular are required to attend school. Opportunities tend to be higher in areas with large concentrations of people, such as urban centers, though budgetary conflicts may reduce employment opportunities in a given state or area for a period of time. Salary for an educator will vary greatly based on location, education and position. For example, the median annual income for a high school teacher is $58,030 with the top 10% earning $92,920 and the bottom ten percent earning $38,180.
List of Education Associations for Teachers
- Association for Experiential Education
- Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, & Dance
- ENC Online Resources for Math and Science Education
- National Association for Bilingual Education
- American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
- National Education Association
- National Science Teachers Association
- Association for Educational Communications and Technology
- International Society for Technology in Education
- National Art Education Association
- American Educational Research Association
- National Association for Gifted Children
- National Council for the Social Studies
- International Reading Association
- National Association for the Education of Young Children
- Association of Educational Service Agencies
- American Federation of Teachers
- Council for Exceptional Children
- Association for Middle Level Education
- Learn, Teach, Lead
- National Council of Teachers of English
- National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
- United States Distance Learning Association
Individuals interested in education may also be interested in early childhood education, elementary education, or education administration. For more information about a career in teaching, check out The Single Most Comprehensive Guide to a Teaching Career post on our blog